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    DKA is most commonly seen in individuals with type I diabetes, under 19 years of age and is usually caused by the interruption of their insulin treatment or by acute infection or trauma. A small number of people with type II diabetes also experience ketoacidosis, but this is rare given the fact that type II diabetics still produce some insulin naturally. When DKA occurs in type II patients, it is usually caused by a decrease in food intake and an increased insulin deficiency due to hyperglycemia.

    Some common DKA symptoms include:

    • high blood sugar levels
    • frequent urination (polyuria) and thirst
    • fatigue and lethargy
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • abdominal pain
    • fruity odor to breath
    • rapid, deep breathing
    • muscle stiffness or aching
    • coma

    Source: The Gale Group. Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 3rd ed.";

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