• * Emperor Penguin * King Penguin * Adélie Penguin * Chinstrap Penguin * Gentoo Penguin * Royal Penguin * Southern Rockhopper Penguin * Fiordland Penguin * Snares Penguin * Macaroni Penguin * Yellow-eyed Penguin * Little Penguin * Humboldt Penguin * Magellanic Penguin
  • G'day Kevin, Thank you for your question. There seems to be 17. According to Wikipedia, "Depending on which authority is followed, biodiversity varies between 17 and 20 living species, all in the subfamily Spheniscinae." Encyclopaedia Britannica states that there are 17 species of Spheniscinae with six genuses. The Columbia Encyclopedia also states that there are 17 as does the International Penguin Conservation Workgroup. These are the crested penguins (six species), blackfooted or jackass penguins (4 species), Pygoscelis (3 species) and Aptenodytes (2 species). The fairy and yellow-eyed penguins are a species within their own genus. Wikipedia claims that the three additional species might be. "Some sources consider the White-flippered Penguin a separate Eudyptula species, while others treat it as a subspecies of the Little Penguin (e.g. Williams, 1995; Davis & Renner, 2003); the actual situation seems to be more complicated (Banks et al. 2002). Similarly, it is still unclear whether the Royal Penguin is merely a color morph of the Macaroni penguin. Also possibly eligible to be treated as a separate species is the Northern population of Rockhopper penguins (Davis & Renner, 2003)." I have attached sources for your reference. Regards Reference Wikipedia Penguin Encyclopaedia Britannica Penguin Penguin Conservation
  • There are currently 17 species of Penguins (some scientists divide them in 18 or even 19 species). Fossil records indicate that there used to be more in the past. The current ones, all living in the southern hemisphere, are: Adelie, African, Chinstrap, Emperor, Erect Crested, Fairy, (little blue = fairy) Fjordland, Galapagos, Gentoo, Humboldt, King, Macaroni, Magellanic, Rockhopper, Royal, (royal = king) Snares Island Yellow Eyed. The current species are divided into 6 genus: Aptenodytes, Eudyptes, Eudyptula, Megadyptes, Pygoscelis and Spheniscus. Many more species of fossile penguins are known.
  • have no idea

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