ANSWERS: 1
  • I'm not certain what you mean. Doctrines do not give courts "freedom" to intervene in people's lives. A state has a constitution that establishes the state's government including the three branches, legislative, executive, and judicial. In the judicial branch, a court has "authority" to adjudicate cases and controversies if the court has jurisdiction over the parties and the subject matter. Juvenile courts are courts of limited jurisdiction. With respect to the underlying basis for a state's grant of judicial authority to juvenile courts, you might be referring to the parens patriae and in loco parentis doctrines and/or perhaps "the best interests of the child" doctrine. Check out this landmark U.S. Supreme Court case: In re Gault, 387 U.S. 1 (1967) http://supreme.justia.com/us/387/1/case.html

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