ANSWERS: 3
  • Robinbird is correct, a barre on the second fret is F#. Here's a little thing called the chromatic scale. It's simply all twelve notes: A - A#/Bb - B - C - C#/Db - D - D#/Eb - E - F - F#/Gb - G - G#/Ab - A (and so on...) Memorize this and you'll find music theory much easier to understand. The letters used are A to G; all the letters have a sharp except B and E. Read that last sentence a few times and never forget it. Technically there are times when E# and B# are used, but for all intents and purposes (namely guitar) they're used quite rarely. The distance between two notes (eg, G to G#, Bb to B, E to F) is called a half-step (also called a semitone). Obviously twice that interval (eg, G to A, B to C#, Db to Eb) is a whole-step (also called a whole tone). The b is called a flat, meaning one half-step lower, while the # is called a sharp, meaning one-half-step higher. On a guitar the distance of one fret on a single string is one half-step. Therefore two frets equal a distance of one whole step, three frets makes a step and a half, and so on. Twelve frets make an octave (eg, open A string and note fretted on A string at 12th fret). If you know that the guitar strings are tuned open at (low to high, or thickest to thinnest strings) EADGBE, then you can figure out what tone every fretted note anywhere on the fretboard is. I feel like I've written this answer a million times and I never get tired of it.
  • Its F#

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