• The first film festival at Cannes was held in September 1939, but was cancelled after its opening night due to World War 2. It started again with more success in 1946. The 1939 Cannes festival was held as a reaction against the perceived fascist bias of the first competitive international film festival, held in Italy - the top prize for 1939 had been "jointly-awarded to a German film called Olympia (produced in association with Joseph Goebbels' Ministry of Propaganda), and Italy's Luciano Serra, Pilota, made by Mussolini's own son", despite a French film being tipped to win. Information from:

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