ANSWERS: 5
  • Georgia O'Keefe
  • Joan Miro, Max Earnst, Pablo Picasso, Giorgio de Chirico, Wassily Kandinsky, Salvador Dali, Yves Tanguy
  • Pablo Picasso, Joan Miró, Kandinsky and also think Art Deco Hector Guimard, Eugene Grasset...
  • Purism: (1918 - 1925) French artists Amedee Ozenfant and Le Corbusier developed Purism in 1918 as a reaction to Cubism. It incorporated Synthetic Cubism’s use of flat planes but also used representational subjects presented in a clear manner and appropriate color. Purism admired the beauty and clarity of the machine and emphasized the geometric, proportional simplicity of the subject. Artists: (biography & artworks) Le Corbusier, - 1887 - 1965 Ozenfant, Amedee - 1886 - 1966 Le Corbusier, - 1887 - 1965 Ozenfant, Amedee - 1886 - 1966 Precisionism: (1920 - 1945) Precisionism originated in the 1920’s and focused on painting scenes and objects, normally of industrial or mechanical subjects. These subjects were typically abstracted by simplifying them to basic geometric patterns and showing them in clear light. The Precisionist movement had roots in Italian Futurism, a movement that also respected the beauty and power of machinery. The movement emerged after World War I and was mainly popular in the United States. Artists working in this genre believed that the 20th century was dependant on technology and the machine. Therefore, they chose to depict these subjects in a glorifying manner. American Precisionist artists also attempted to show pride in their country during a period of great economic and political struggle—the growing industry in the United States was a symbol of the country’s power and achievements. Precisionism lasted until after World War II. Artists: (biography & artworks) Crawford, Ralston - 1906 - 1978 Demuth, Charles - 1883 - 1935 Dickinson, Preston - 1891 - 1930 Sheeler, Charles - 1883 - 1965 Crawford, Ralston - 1906 - 1978 Demuth, Charles - 1883 - 1935 Dickinson, Preston - 1891 - 1930 Sheeler, Charles - 1883 - 1965 Kinetic Art: (1925 - 1965) Magic Realism received its name in the 1925s by German art critic, Franz Roh. Artists working in this style attempt to depict reality in a different way—works possessed a resemblance to reality while also retaining a dream-like or fantastical quality. The style was popular in Europe and the United States from the 1920’s to the 1940’s and retained several practitioners during the 1950’s. Often seen as a combination of Realism and Surrealism, the paintings portrayed representational subjects but often incorporated flat tones, strange perspectives, and unusual arrangements to give the piece an imagined quality. Artists: (biography & artworks) Bury, Pol - 1922 - Calder, Alexander - 1898 - 1976 Le Parc, Julio - 1928 - Takis, - 1925 - Tinguely, Jean - 1925 - 1991 Bury, Pol - 1922 - Calder, Alexander - 1898 - 1976 Le Parc, Julio - 1928 - Takis, - 1925 - Tinguely, Jean - 1925 - 1991 Surrealism: (1924 - 1955) A literary and art movement inspired by Freudianism, Andre Breton founded Surrealism in Paris in 1924. Breton authored the Manifesto (Manifeste du surrealisme), which advocated the expression of imagination revealed in dreams. He later wrote two other manifestoes, published in 1930 and 1934. Surrealism was the successor the Dadaist movement and attracted many Dadaist artists. Other Surrealist origins came from painters such as Paolo Uccello, William Blake, and Odilon Redon. Its origins in literature were traced to French poets Baudelaire, Rimbaud, and Apollinaire and the literary side of the movement remained primarily in France. In the visual realm, Surrealism became popular in the 1920’s and 30’s with the help of internationally renowned painter, Salvador Dali. Also similar to the 19th century Symbolist movement, Surrealism was based on the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, emphasizing imagination and subconscious imagery. Work usually contained realist imagery arranged in a nonsensical style in order to create a dreamlike state. Surrealist painting incorporated a lot of content and technique. Surrealism incorporated and celebrated the art of children and primitive art. They appreciated the innocent eye in that the untrained artist was more liberated to depict their actual imaginative ideas Artists used spontaneous techniques based on the “free association” concept, also called automatism, in which conscious control was surrendered to the unconscious mind. . The Surrealist movement can be divided into two groups of differing expressive methods, Automatism or “Absolute” Surrealism and Veristic Surrealism. While Automatism was focused on expressing subconscious ideas, Veristic Surrealists wanted to represent a connection between abstract and real material forms. In other words, Verists transformed objects from the real world in their paintings, while Automatists derived their imagery purely from spontaneous thought. Surrealism paved the way for later movements such as Abstract Expressionism and the Magic Realism. Surrealism offered an alternative to geometric abstraction and kept expressive content alive in the 20th century. Artists: (biography & artworks) Agar, Eileen - 1899 - 1991 Arcimboldo, Giuseppe - 1527 - 1593 Arp, Hans - 1886 - 1966 Bellmer, Hans - 1902 - 1975 Bosch, Hieronymus - 1450 - 1516 Breton, Andre - 1896 - 1966 Burra, Edward - 1905 - 1976 Carrington, Leonora - 1917 - Chagall, Marc - 1887 - 1985 Chirico, Giorgio de - 1888 - 1978 Dali, Salvador - 1904 - 1989 de Chirico, Giorgio - 1888 - 1978 Delvaux, Paul - 1894 - 1994 Ernst, Max - 1891 - 1976 Giacometti, Alberto - 1901 - 1966 Hayter, Stanley William - 1901 - 1988 Kahlo, Frida - 1907 - 1954 Lam, Wifredo - 1902 - 1992 Lurcat, Jean - 1892 - 1966 Macdonald, Jock - 1897 - 1960 Magritte, Rene - 1898 - 1967 Masson, Andre - 1896 - 1987 Matta, Roberto - 1911 - Miro, Joan - 1893 - 1983 Nash, Paul - 1889 - 1946 Oppenheim, Meret - 1913 - 1985 Penrose, Sir Roland - 1900 - 1984 Richards, Ceri - 1903 - 1971 Sage, Kay - 1898 - 1963 Saura, Antonio - 1930 - 1998 Seligmann, Kurt - 1900 - 1962 Tamayo, Rufino - 1899 - 1991 Tanguy, Yves - 1900 - 1955 Tanning, Dorothea - 1910 - Tchelitchew, Pavel - 1898 - 1957 Turnbull, William - 1922 - Agar, Eileen - 1899 - 1991 Arcimboldo, Giuseppe - 1527 - 1593 Arp, Hans - 1886 - 1966 Bellmer, Hans - 1902 - 1975 Bosch, Hieronymus - 1450 - 1516 Breton, Andre - 1896 - 1966 Burra, Edward - 1905 - 1976 Carrington, Leonora - 1917 - Chagall, Marc - 1887 - 1985 Chirico, Giorgio de - 1888 - 1978 Dali, Salvador - 1904 - 1989 de Chirico, Giorgio - 1888 - 1978 Delvaux, Paul - 1894 - 1994 Ernst, Max - 1891 - 1976 Giacometti, Alberto - 1901 - 1966 Hayter, Stanley William - 1901 - 1988 Kahlo, Frida - 1907 - 1954 Lam, Wifredo - 1902 - 1992 Lurcat, Jean - 1892 - 1966 Macdonald, Jock - 1897 - 1960 Magritte, Rene - 1898 - 1967 Masson, Andre - 1896 - 1987 Matta, Roberto - 1911 - Miro, Joan - 1893 - 1983 Nash, Paul - 1889 - 1946 Oppenheim, Meret - 1913 - 1985 Penrose, Sir Roland - 1900 - 1984 Richards, Ceri - 1903 - 1971 Sage, Kay - 1898 - 1963 Saura, Antonio - 1930 - 1998 Seligmann, Kurt - 1900 - 1962 Tamayo, Rufino - 1899 - 1991 Tanguy, Yves - 1900 - 1955 Tanning, Dorothea - 1910 - Tchelitchew, Pavel - 1898 - 1957 Turnbull, William - 1922 -
  • I have an oil painting from 1920 it is an ocean shore picture with three trees in themid left hand side white caps on the water and shrub grass growing in the foreground and along the shore line. Would you have any idea who painted it? It is signed but I cannot make out the signature. I found it behind another painting I bought at an auction Thank you G. Oldfield garyoldfield@hotmail.com

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