ANSWERS: 4
  • The US was able to establish goodwill and assert it's dominance over these regions by ensuring that they would become a part of the noncommunist economic infrastructure of trade and manufacture that they felt was needed in a looming Cold War society.
  • They did not rebuild anything!
  • Partly out of good will toward the real victims of the fighting namely the civilians and partly to gain favour over the Soviets
  • (1) Europe - 'The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $12 billion (approximately $120 billion in current dollar value as of June 2016) in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II. The plan was in operation for four years beginning April 8, 1948. The goals of the United States were to rebuild war-devastated regions, remove trade barriers, modernize industry, make Europe prosperous again, and prevent the spread of communism.' Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marshall_Plan ------------ (2) Japan - 'The first phase, roughly from the end of the war in 1945 through 1947, involved the most fundamental changes for the Japanese Government and society. ' - 'By late 1947 and early 1948, the emergence of an economic crisis in Japan alongside concerns about the spread of communism sparked a reconsideration of occupation policies. This period is sometimes called the 'reverse course'. In this stage of the occupation, which lasted until 1950, the economic rehabilitation of Japan took center stage. SCAP became concerned that a weak Japanese economy would increase the influence of the domestic communist movement, and with a communist victory in China's civil war increasingly likely, the future of East Asia appeared to be at stake.' Source: https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/japan-reconstruction

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