ANSWERS: 1
  • The field of Psychology is the study of the mind, how it works, and its impact on thinking, behaviors, and our abilities to relate to our environment. Psychologists practice their craft based on different theoretical beliefs of behavioral causes but they all share similar primary goals.

    Goals

    Experts generally agree there are 4 primary goals that govern psychological practice and the study of personality. They occur in this order "Describe, explain, predict, and change." These goals are descrbed in Portland Community College's Psychology program.(

    Description

    The initial job of the psychologist is to carefully observe and record everything possible about patients thought processes, behavior, and interactions with the environment. This information is used to describe objective observations to the patient.

    Explanation

    Psychology integrates observations and develops theories about causes of behaviors."Psychologists must go beyond what is obvious and explain their observations. Why did the subject do what he or she did?" AllPsych explains.

    Prediction

    Psychology uses prediction to anticipate future behaviors based on a person's past behaviors. The practice of psychology is understanding why something was done and using that information to project what behaviors can occur in the future.

    Change

    The final goal is change or control. Psychology helps an individual understand behavior and the reasons behind it. Ultimately once it is understood why unhealthy behaviors are practiced, they can be modified and changed so healthy outcomes occur.

    Considerations

    The success of psychological practice is dependent on the skills, training, and experience of the healthcare professional and the willingness of the patient to actively participate in the process. Together they can have a mutual "intention of improving a person's life in a positive manner" according to AllPsych.

    Source:

    Portland Community College, Psychology, "Why take Psychology,?"

    AllPsych on Line, Personality Synopsis, "Introduction to Personality Theory and Development,"

Copyright 2018, Wired Ivy, LLC

Answerbag | Terms of Service | Privacy Policy